Three human mummies (RM2717, RM2718, & RM2720) from the Redpath Museum at McGill University were CT (computed tomography) scanned at the end of April 2011. The scans were conducted at the Montreal Neurological Institute as part of a collaborative project organized by Dr. Andrew Wade and Dr. Andrew Nelson (Project IMPACT Radiological Mummy Database) of the University of Western Ontario. The scans (converted from DICOM medical files to stereolithography files by Dr. Wade) were printed by Mark Ewanchyna, Engineering Technologies Department at John Abbott College to produce 3 rapid prototype models of the skulls found deep within the wrappings of the mummies for the purpose of facial reconstruction. Since their presentation in January 2013 at the Redpath Museum, media reports in newspapers, magazines, radio and television have travelled around the globe. (Scan photos are courtesy of © Dr. Andrew Wade - University of Western Ontario.)
RM2717 This female mummy (age approximately 30-50 yrs at the time of death) was brought to Montreal from Thebes prior to 1895 by The Honourable James Ferrier, fourth mayor of Montreal. As reported by Ferrier, the head was uncovered and revealed short, straight white hair. Subsequent reports through out the years describe many missing teeth, ante mortem and post mortem. Hair and tooth lost is reflected in the final facial approximation.
Hetep Bastet is an Egyptian Mummy (ca. 600BC) housed in the Galerie de l’Université du Québec à Montréal. The osteobiographic analysis of this mummy was presented in Nelson et al. (2009). Here, the outcome of dual energy segmentation techniques is used to produce a model of the skull and the forensic techniques used to reconstruct the mummy’s face.
This is the first elderly female clay Egyptian mummy facial reconstruction to incorporate standard aging factors to produce a second visage. Today, this forensic application of facial modification could offer additional leads to the identity of unknown remains by depicting the face at earlier stages of adulthood.
Moimango - Anga Chief - Koke Village, Papua, New Guinea
National Geographic Expedition leads to the restoration of the remains of Moimango, Chief of the Anga tribe who was mummified 50 yrs ago in the smoked tradition of his ancestors.
Dr. Andrew Nelson, University of Western Ontario and Dr. Ron Beckett, Quinnipiac University travelled to New Guinea as part of a team to restore the mummified remains which had deteriorated over time. As is the tradition, the villagers often visit the smoked remains of Moimango on the cliffs overlooking the village.
The facial reconstruction of Moimango was completed using measurements and photographs of the mummified remains then presented to Gemtasu, present Chief and son of Moimango.
The presentation was captured by Ulla Lohmann, National Geographic photojournalist in the Koke village hut as Gemtasu, overcome by emotion, (center) saw his father's face for the first time in 50 yrs.
Photo courtesy of Ulla Lohmann
Read the article by Ed Stannard, New Haven Register to learn more. http://www.nhregister.com/articles/2010/08/31/news/doc4c7c76da73e36293114541.txt
FACIAL RECONSTRUCTION of an ANGA MUMMY: Poster presented at the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropologists (CAPA - 2010) - Dr. Andrew Nelson, Dr. Ron Beckett and Victoria Lywood.