Biblical Forensics - Lost Faces of the Bible
Lost Faces of the Bible by Associated Producers Ltd (made for National Geographic and Vision TV) was released in the spring of 2013. Dr. Israel Hershkovitz (Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv, Israel) supplied the skull analyses as well as the cultural and historic information required to complete the four facial approximations. Rapid prototype models of four skulls were created from CT scans for the purpose of facial approximations.
Fragmented skeletal remains found in a jar during excavation belonged to an infant, aged approximately new born to 3 months of age, who died on this earth approximately 5000 yrs ago. Due to the age of the child, no sex determination could be made. A juvenile forensic facial reconstruction can not be completed for an infant this age due to the difficulties of determining the accurate sex and racial origin of the remains. In the practical world, a facial reconstruction would not be completed for identification purposes as the growing face of the subject would change drastically over short periods of time making identification of the sculpture or drawing outdated before it reached the public. The face was created subjectively for the purpose of the documentary.
Photo by Jimmy Hamelin - © Associated Producers Ltd
A male skeleton was found on a kibbutz near Sasa approximately 30 yrs ago. He was probably between 40-50 years of age when he died and lived on this earth approx. 2000 yrs ago. He was described as an Eastern Mediterranean male with a protruding brow ridge, small square eye orbits and a strong muscular neck. He would probably exhibit tanned skin color with advanced wrinkling due to sun damage with black curly hair and brown eyes. There was no evidence found during excavation to suggest a specific hairstyle but the custom of payots or ringlets worn on the sides of the face was present during this era and the subject could or could not have worn his hair styled in this fashion. Biblical reference: This man from Galilee lived in the same area and time period as Jesus.
A female skeleton was found near Ashkelon district. She was described as between 18-21 years of age when she died approximately 3000 yrs ago. She was a small female with a gracile skull and would exhibit a southern European-Caucasian appearance with light skin, dark brown to black hair and probably brown eyes whose nose would be narrow and slope downward showing a Greek-Roman style bridge and pointed chin. Biblical reference: Artifacts found with the skeleton, location and age classify this skull as a Philistine who lived during the time of Delilah.